Islam can be viewed as a complex system, as it encompasses a wide range of beliefs, practices, and institutions that interact and influence one another. It includes religious texts, doctrines, and rituals, as well as social, political, and economic systems. Islam has a strong emphasis on the unity and interdependence of all aspects of life, and its teachings and practices are meant to promote balance and harmony within individuals and society as a whole.
From a systems engineering perspective, the study of Islam as a complex system would involve analyzing the various components and their interactions, as well as the goals and objectives of the system. It would also involve understanding how the system adapts and responds to changes in its environment. This type of analysis could be useful in understanding the dynamics of Islamic societies and cultures, as well as in identifying ways to improve the functioning of Islamic institutions and organizations.
However, this is a theoretical approach and not a common one, and it should be approached with caution as it may not be welcomed in all Islamic communities.