Nick Elam Traditional refutations had been polemical because our Prophet (s) is Moses and Jesus in one. Jesus couldn’t unintentionally marry and couldn’t become a king, which will realize in second advent, so Christians treated Islam as worldly like Judaism. Modern refutations are based on the premise than Islam teaches pluralism and everyone can go to heaven without any concern for truthful accuracy. If Christians studied their own origins of Hebrew culture, Islam would not seem foreign to them. And, Muslim philosophers have tried to make Islam close to Greco-Roman Europe, like Paul did in case of Christianity.